Published: Thu, November 30, 2017
Medical | By Alyssa Little

Only 8 of 100 malaria cases detected in India

Only 8 of 100 malaria cases detected in India

A report released on Tuesday in Geneva says Nigeria, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo have seen the largest increases in malaria cases, jeopardizing the gains recorded since 2000.

In its World Malaria Report 2017, WHO revealed that the number of malaria cases worldwide is estimated to be 216 million in 91 countries, up from 211 million cases in 2015. The World Malaria Report 2017, a global assessment of progress in the fight against malaria, shows that while malaria incidence and mortality rates remain far lower than 2010 levels, progress is beginning to stall.

There were an estimated 5 million more malaria cases in 2016 than in 2015.

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The report sends a clear warning that progress could be in jeopardy and resurgence is on the rise. He urged countries and the global health community to boost funding to save lives. Since 2000, thanks to significant investment, strong political leadership and new tools, we have saved almost seven million lives from this deadly disease. A review of 75 malaria resurgences between 1930 and 2011 found that most upticks in the disease followed funding disruptions that weakened malaria-control programmes. Deaths reached 445 000, a similar number to the previous year. "But contributing factors included insufficient funding, a lack of interventions to prevent spread of the disease, risks posed by conflict in malaria endemic zones, irregular climate patterns, and the emergence of parasite resistance, the report said..." Past year on our continent, malaria killed 407,000 people and robbed us of US$12 billion in lost productivity, investment and associated health care costs. "We can learn from their achievements to replicate their success across the continent", said King Mswati III of the Kingdom of Swaziland and Chair of the African Leaders Malaria Alliance.

"That amount of funding internationally has plateaued; possibly it has reached the realistic maximum now", said David Conway, a professor from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Nigeria accounts for the highest (27%) proportion of cases, followed by Democratic Republic of Congo (10%), India (6%) and Mozambique (4%).

According to the latest RBM Partnership gap analysis, between now and 2020, DRC will require an additional 23 million long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets and an extra $536 million to sufficiently protect its population from malaria. For every $1 we invest in malaria control and elimination we yield a $36 return for our economies. Sri Lanka was certified as malaria-free by World Health Organization in 2016, a milestone largely achieved through domestic financing. Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Myanmar are the countries are assured to decrease the percentage of malaria case up to 40 percent by 2020. A nationwide malaria campaign "Zero malaria starts with me" is engaging Senegalese citizens to keep malaria high on the agenda.

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Nonetheless, the money available for malaria-elimination programmes has been dropping. Alonso said there is no suggestion that the country will reduce its commitment. Awa Coll Seck, Senegal's Minister of State and an RBM Partnership to End Malaria Board Member.

Between 2014 and 2016, just 15.5 million insecticide treated mosquito nets, regarded as the primary prevention method for malaria were distributed in India. However, new responses are needed to address growing concerns over drug resistance in the Mekong region, insecticide resistance in large areas of Africa, as well as an upsurge of malaria in humanitarian hotspots including Yemen and Venezuela. "Robust financing for the research and development of new tools is equally critical", he asserted. "Malaria comes back with a vengeance".

African governments have been urged to ensure that commitments made to fight malaria are not wane.

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